By George J. Marshall
"Published in 2008 through Marquette collage Press, George Marshall's _A advisor to Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception_ is a great addition the corpus of English language existentialist scholarship. Marshall is a long-time professor of continental philosophy on the collage of Regina in Canada.
While well known inside of ecu philosophy as a number one contributor to existentialism and phenomenology (arguably eclipsed in basic terms by means of Husserl and Heidegger), Merleau-Ponty has been mostly ignored through readers reared within the Anglo-American culture. released in 1945 the `Phenomenology of Perception' is Merleau-Ponty's most sensible identified work."
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Extra resources for A Guide to Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (Marquette Studies in Philosophy)
We look at our world today and see science doing all sorts of wondrous things, and there is an optimism and expectation that given enough time and money science will achieve truth. At the same time, philosophy is not doing well. Positivism, Analysis, De-Constructionism, and Post-Modernism have led to attacks on the very possibility of philosophy achieving truth. In fact, one could say that relativism and skepticism dominate contemporary philosophy. While we are aware that this may not be the best state of philosophy, we also feel that it doesn’t have anything to do with science.
His answer is that not all of science is real knowledge, only its fundamental principles. What makes the fundamental principles of science real knowledge is 44 A Guide to Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenology of Perception an insight into the a priori conditions of any understanding whatsoever. Thus the fundamental principles will be necessarily true of any experience that is understood because of the very nature of the understanding. At the same time, Kant points out that while the principles of science are necessarily true of all phenomena, they are not true of noumena.
The job of philosophy is to overcome this fate by making us aware of ourselves. Philosophy is a kind of self-knowledge, but not simply for its own sake but as a means to understand what is given in experience. What the “epoché” does is makes us aware of our experiences or phenomena so that we might study them. Thus Husserl called this kind of philosophy, Phenomenology. But once we become aware of the meanings given in our experiences, we must take into consideration how our finite perspectives formed by all the assumptions we carry with us distort what is given in experience.