By Richard J. Reid
Up to date and revised to stress long term views on present matters dealing with the continent, the recent 2d version of A historical past of recent Africa recounts the total breadth of Africa's political, fiscal, and social background during the last centuries.Adopts a long term method of present concerns, stressing the significance of nineteenth-century and deeper indigenous dynamics in explaining Africa's later twentieth-century challengesPlaces a better specialize in African corporation, in particular through the colonial encounterIncludes extra in-depth assurance of non-Anglophone AfricaOffers accelerated assurance of the post-colonial period to take account of contemporary advancements, together with the clash in Darfur and the political unrest of 2011 in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya
Read or Download A History of Modern Africa: 1800 to the Present, 2nd Edition (Blackwell Concise History of the Modern World) PDF
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Extra resources for A History of Modern Africa: 1800 to the Present, 2nd Edition (Blackwell Concise History of the Modern World)
This was trade which – like the slave trade before it – was of considerable economic benefit to Europe at a time of industrialization, and which, moreover, humanitarians hoped would bring economic and social progress to Africa. ” States whose socioeconomic and political structures were so geared toward the capture and export of slaves, or whose military ethos demanded the kind of cyclical military activity which resulted in the seizure of war captives, struggled to make the transition to agricultural exports.
Yet as the nineteenth century progressed, a number of societies underwent the same kinds of changes experienced in Tanzania: new forms of social and political structure emerged under stronger, more centralized systems of leadership. Like the Nyamwezi, the Kamba, too, would become energetic participants in global trade. The themes of local entrepreneurship and the fluidity of identities are most dramatically manifest in the Nyamwezi, who did not exist as a “people” before the commercial and political dynamics of the mid-nineteenth century.
Ivory was also in increasing demand from the late eighteenth century: India remained an important market, but East African ivory was sought in Europe and North America, too, and throughout the nineteenth century the European trade became ever more important, especially after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. It was, however, a “wasting process,” according to one scholar, for supplies dwindled as the century wore on; year on year, thousands of elephants were killed to meet demand, and the search for ivory was pushed ever deeper into the central African interior.