By Daniel Don Nanjira
African statehood predates that of Europe, in addition to the remainder of Western civilization, and but by way of enforcing Western values on Africa and its peoples, eu colonialism destroyed Africa's paradigm of statehood in addition to its worth platforms that have been excellent for this majestic continent. This two-volume ebook offers a accomplished survey of the problems and occasions that experience formed Africa from remotest antiquity to the current, and serves because the origin of Africa's diplomacy, international relations, and overseas policy.The first quantity of African international coverage and international relations from Antiquity to the twenty first Century discusses the determinants of Africa's international relations from antiquity to the 18th century; the second one quantity addresses the extra advancements of its overseas coverage from the nineteenth to the twenty first century.
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Additional resources for African Foreign Policy and Diplomacy from Antiquity to the 21st Century 2 volumes (Praeger Security International)
The globalization of trade, ideas, religion, and basic curiosity brought foreigners to the continent, among them Romans who built a great empire after the collapse of Alexander the Great’s Greek Empire. With the various expressions used to describe different circumstances in Africa, and with the realization that the continent was, after all, larger than the then only known world stretching from the Mediterranean to Abyssinia, it became clear that a common name had to be applied to the entire continent.
The migrations started from about 1500 to 1000 BCE (and probably earlier, between 3000 and 2500 BCE), but became great forces in Africa in the first century CE for Christianity, and from around 622 CE for Islam. This latter year marked the first arrival of Arabs in North Africa, and thereby started the great Islamization of northern Africa. These religions launched extensive conquests of the African populations. But the Bantus were themselves great conquerors who exerted a lot of influence. Wherever they went, they conquered and settled.
The seclusion of Africa was partly created by its topography, which included the world’s largest deserts (the Great Sahara, Kalahari, and Namib), many non-navigable rivers and rapids, a hostile shoreline without harbors in which ships could anchor, and nearly impenetrable jungles. ). Thus, much of Africa was cut off from the rest of the world until well into the 19th century. The following looks at the details of the African geography that enforced this isolation so well for so long: 1. The Great Sahara Desert very much discouraged communications across SubSaharan Africa.