By Gordon Prain (auth.), Gordon Prain, Diana Lee-Smith, Nancy Karanja (eds.)
Over the previous twenty years, how has city agriculture replaced in sub-Saharan Africa? Is urban farming now greater built-in into environmental administration and town governance? And, having a look forward, how may perhaps city agriculture tackle the wishes of the low-income families and modernizing towns of Africa? during this publication, major experts within the fields of city agriculture and concrete setting current a special choice of case stories that examines the transforming into function of neighborhood meals construction in city livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa. among many matters, the authors probe the altering position of city agriculture, the dangers and merits of crop–livestock platforms, and the possibilities for making in the neighborhood produced foodstuff extra simply to be had and extra ecocnomic. Concluding chapters think about the coverage and governance implications of higher integration of city normal assets and the equipped atmosphere, an improved function for city agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa and the the most important position of girls in city meals structures. African city Harvest could be of curiosity to decision-makers, improvement pros, researchers, teachers, and scholars and educators in city making plans, improvement reports, African reviews, and environmental studies.
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Extra info for African Urban Harvest: Agriculture in the Cities of Cameroon, Kenya and Uganda
Physical capital includes buildings, equipment, domestic animals, transport, seeds, and other inputs. Livestock-raising depends on the physical capital of the animals themselves and the housing which affects their health and productivity. Crop production needs equipment and sometimes structures like screen houses. Means of transport can dramatically change access to inputs and the marketing possibilities of crops and animals. 16 G. Prain and D. Lee-Smith Human capital includes manual labour, different types of practical skill, different types and sources of knowledge, and good health or wellness.
Aside from a couple of outliers on the lower and upper limits (Accra and Addis), there is nevertheless some consistency across these studies, which have a median percentage of those farming of 35 percent, of which around two-thirds are women. Yaoundé Nakuru Nairobi Maputo Lusaka Kampala Dar es Salaam Addis Ababa % women farmers % population farming Accra 0 10 20 30 40 50 Percentage of total population 60 Fig. 2 Proportion of urban population farming in selected cities of Sub-Saharan Africa Source: Yaoundé: UNDP (1996); Nakuru: Foeken (2006); Nairobi: Mwangi and Foeken (1996); Lee-Smith (2001); Maputo: UNDP (1996); Lusaka: UNDP (1996); Kampala: Nabulo et al.
Recent reevaluation of the use of composted pig manure in Lima suggests that the level of reuse could be increased in Yaoundé through technical support. In all cases there seem to be opportunities to increase the level of recycling of manures within urban and peri-urban areas to further benefit city environments and enhance agricultural productivity. Actual and Potential Benefits of Waste Recycling These experiences in Nairobi, Nakuru, and Yaoundé suggest that urban agriculture is currently absorbing a much more significant quantity of animal waste than vegetative waste, whether crop residues or food wastes.