AJS REVIEW The Journal of the Association for Jewish Studies by Robert (editor) Chazan

By Robert (editor) Chazan

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Extra info for AJS REVIEW The Journal of the Association for Jewish Studies Vol. IX, No. 1 Spring 1984

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One was the cohesiveness of the keter which had originally sought to usurp power and to bring about a constitutional realignment. As much is again illustrated by the sequence of events during the biblical and Hasmonean monarchies. In the former case, it was the recurrence of dynastic squabbles within the Judean royal household which enabled Jehoiada, the kohen gadol, to reassert his rightful constitutional authority and play a crucial role in the coronation of Joash (as did Hilkiah the kohen gadol in the reforms of Josiah).

77The radicalGnostics createda total antinomianismwhich perhapstook Paulineinferencesfar beyond the position of Paul himself. When GentileChristiansand Gnosticswereclaimingthatsalvationwouldcome as a resultof either faith or mysticalknowledge,the rabbisof the secondand third century had to go out of their way to emphasizethat for the Jew redemptionwould be the rewardfor observanceof the commandments. Additionally, it is not surprisingthat the core tradition ascribed to R. Nehemiahsingledout Abrahamas an exampleof one who, throughthe performanceof even a singleact, was rewardedwith life in the world-to-come.

Jerusalem, 1966), vol. 1, pp. 263-265, and Y. Baer, A History of the Jews in ChristianSpain, vol. 1 (Philadelphia, 1961), pp. 212-231; Y. Heilprin, Pinkas Va'ad Arbah Aratzot: Lekutei Takkanot, Ketavim ve-Reshumot(Jerusalem, 1945), introduction. The constitutional position allotted to the rabbanim rashi'im and the rabbinical courts in the modern State of Israel - for all its anomalies - can be portrayed as an echo of precisely the same principle. Montesquieu'sdivision,for instance,might be straitjacketed into the verse:"The Lord our judge, the Lord our law-giver,the Lord our King - He will save us" (Isa.

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