An Assessment of the Investment Climate in Nigeria by Giuseppe Iarossi

By Giuseppe Iarossi

Nigeria has a transparent imaginative and prescient of the place it desires to be. the rustic s imaginative and prescient 2020 expresses a daring wish to be one of the best twenty economies through the yr 2020. The economic climate has published outstanding development figures considering 2003 pushed via better oil costs and a sequence of home-grown, financial reforms. the rustic is now firmly at the street to middle-income prestige. yet what else do executive and the personal quarter have to do to create the roles and development that might underpin the nationwide improvement technique? What are the demanding situations that Nigeria s companies face this present day? What can executive do to advertise activity construction? What are the jobs of the Federal and kingdom governments in selling inner most area progress? This funding weather research goals to supply solutions to those questions. it really is equipped on a 2,300 enterprise survey and offers evidence-based thoughts designed to help the imaginative and prescient 2020 and the President s seven element time table. we discover that executive needs to circulation speedy to take on task production and poverty relief. different key demanding situations comprise a determined scarcity of power and a terrible transportation community in addition to low-levels of schooling and carrying on with unrest within the Niger Delta. Nigeria s staff have to be extra effective to compete in a globalized twenty first century financial system. even supposing they're poorly paid Nigerian staff are even much less efficient than their opposite numbers in additional dynamic international locations similar to Kenya, Brazil and India. bettering productiveness will take simultaneous efforts to foster pageant, to enhance the enterprise atmosphere in addition to to facilitate higher administration and coaching inside of person corporations. Nigeria s top companies haven't been in a position to develop their industry percentage. to permit this to take place, policy-makers have to tackle and get rid of the hindrances to festival together with obstacles to access, convoluted taxation, estate registration and licensing.

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Furthermore, almost a third of firms that successfully purchased land still report access to land as a major or very severe obstacle. This suggests that access to land may indeed be an obstacle; even firms successful in acquiring land identify it as a major or very severe constraint. Although the cost of land (which is the primary reason that access to land is an obstacle) is an area in which intervention is difficult, the procurement process could be significantly improved. Corruption and Crime Corruption is perceived to be a serious constraint by 25 percent of firms.

Although customs and trade regulations are perceived by only 5 percent of firms to be a major or very severe obstacle, this is in all likelihood connected with the relatively low number of firms in Nigeria that are familiar with the customs procedures. For those that do trade, customs appears to be a significant obstacle to business, in both costs and time. 4 Customs—Manufacturing Sector—International Comparison 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Nigeria 2006 Brazil 2003 Indonesia 2003 South Africa 2003 India 2005 China 2002 Source: Investment Climate Survey in Nigeria.

In an international comparison, with the exception of India, crime is perceived to be a more serious constraint everywhere else than in Nigeria. 1). A side effect of crime is yet another direct cost that would otherwise not be borne by firms: security. 8 percent of their annual sales for such services. 10). 10 Security Services and Security Expenditure—All Formal Sectors State Firm size Percentage of firms that paid for securityservices Security cost as % annual sales TOTAL Small Med. 8 Source: Investment Climate Survey in Nigeria.

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