By Rudolf Bernet
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Extra info for An introduction to Husserlian phenomenology
In the Cartesian legacy that has come down to us, these units are interpreted as representations, ideas, sense data, perceptions, impressions, sensibilia, or whatever is taken as immediately and incorrigibly given to consciousness. The second component of this ideal method involves a process of generalizing. The goal of generalizing is to find regular, orderly relations among the units arrived at by unitizing, in order to show how they are combined into the organized whole of nature. " The method of Euclidean geometry often serves as the paradigm for such generalizations: the goal is to generate a system of knowledge 36 HEIDEGGER AND THE PROBLEM OF KNOWLEDGE by showing how the regularities existing in nature can be accounted for in terms of the axioms, corollaries, and principles of the theory.
Rickert also wants to leave the concept of the "transcendental subject" or "consciousness in general" metaphysically neutral. The subject is posited solely in order to justify the construction of cross-cultural and transhistorical values that are the a priori imperatives of thought. The turn to rationalism and epistemology in the broad sense reached its culmination in the epoche of Husserl's writings in the period following the publication of the Logical Investigations. Although Husserl seems to brush aside the central puzzles of epistemology when he says that "the right attitude to take" in the sciences is "to discard all skepticism together with all ...
98. Quoted by Charles Taylor in his "Language and Human Nature" (unpublished), p. 15. Heidegger's Program and the Cartesian Model 35 unitized terms of the theoretical matrix (the words, concepts, representations, or ideas) correctly map onto the abstracted bits or units projected by the theory. True intelligibility can be achieved only when the systematically interrelated elements of thought correctly represent the actual configuation of units that make up the world. What can count as a unit will vary, depending on historical stages of development and areas of investigation: they may be thought of as, for instance, primary qualities, bare particulars, brute objects, or constitutive causes.