Analysis of Engineering Cycles. Power, Refrigerating and Gas by R. W. Haywood

By R. W. Haywood

Largely revised, up to date and elevated, the fourth variation of this renowned textual content offers a rigorous analytical therapy of contemporary strength conversion plant. remarkable for either its theoretical and sensible therapy of traditional and nuclear energy plant, and its experiences of refrigerating and gas-liquefaction plant. This fourth version now comprises fabric on themes of accelerating situation within the fields of strength 'saving' and aid of environmental toxins. This elevated assurance offers particularly with the next parts: CHP (cogeneration) plant, experiences of either gasoline and coal burning plant designed to lessen poisonous emissions, and the examine of PWR plant within the nuclear undefined, which has been prolonged to hide conceptual designs geared toward larger inherent security. With over 20 new sections plus new appendices and extra difficulties this article not just keeps its price but additionally complements its usefulness to the reader, masking components of present curiosity and significance.

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Additional info for Analysis of Engineering Cycles. Power, Refrigerating and Gas Liquefaction Plant

Example text

For the isentropic processes 1 - 2 and 3 - 4 when the working substance is a perfect gas: Τ -

A qualitative explanation of the fact that the values of η are roughly comparable in the two types of plant can b e given in the following terms. E v e n when an I C plant uses little or n o excess air, as in a spark-ignition engine, 7 7 % of the air used is nitrogen, and it would m a k e n o difference to the operation of the plant if this nitrogen were regarded as passing r o u n d a t h e r m o d y n a m i c cycle in which heat was first transferred to it in the plant as a result of the energy released in combustion of the fuel with oxygen, and in which heat was later transferred from it to the a t m o s p h e r e before it re-entered the plant.

4, r j and η were seen to give a direct connection between the work output of a cyclic plant and the calorific value of the fuel, so that η was a rational performance measure in that context, there is n o such rational connection between the work output and the calorific value in non-cyclic I C plant. T h e engineer's use of η in this context is consequently an arbitrary, if convenient, p r o c e d u r e . Unfortunately, he frequently refers to it misleadingly as the " t h e r m a l efficiency" of the plant.

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