Antisemitism Its History And Causes by Bernard Lazare

By Bernard Lazare

Bernard Lazare's arguable magnum opus, initially released in France in 1894, asks why the Jews have aroused such hatred for 3 thousand years. The journalist, although severed from his Jewish upbringing, used to be fiercely devoted to social justice and will no longer forget about a surprising antisemitism within the fin-de-siècle circles he knew. In seek mg for its old motives, he used to be additionally looking for his personal roots and position on the earth. As biographer Nelly Wilsonhas famous, younger Lazare was once "constantly engaged in a discussion with himself" whilst he wrote Antisemitism, Its heritage and Causes.
 
Lazare starts his "impartial research" through contemplating no matter what within the Jewish personality will be responsible for antisemitism. Then he appears outward to these countries between which the Israelites dispersed, reading the various faces of antisemitism from Greco-Roman antiquity to the top of the 19th century. Lazare brings his study and research to undergo on no matter what shape antisemitism has taken: ethnic, nationalist, financial, social, literary, philosophical. spotting that antisemitism is essentially in response to worry of the stranger and the necessity for a scapegoat, Lazare concludes with a stunning state of affairs for the long run. This notable booklet conveys Lazare's personal non secular development. France's Dreyfus Affair within the Nineties might impress him to a passionate conflict opposed to antisemitism.

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XVI, tit. VIII, 28. 45 Codex Justinianeus, 1. I, tit. IX, 17 and Cod. , 1. XVI, tit. VIII, 14. 46 Codex Justinianeus, 1. I, tit. IX, 18. 47 Justinianus, Novellae, 45. 48 Codex Justinianeus, 1. I, tit. IX, 15. 49 Codex Justinianeus 1. I, tit. IX, 13, and Cod. , 1. VIII, tit. IX, 8. 50 His course was probably influenced by his Minister Cassiodorus, who seems to have had scant sympathy for the Jews – he characterized them as scorpions, wild asses, dogs and unicorns. 51 Leges Visigoth, 1. XII, tit.

50 His course was probably influenced by his Minister Cassiodorus, who seems to have had scant sympathy for the Jews – he characterized them as scorpions, wild asses, dogs and unicorns. 51 Leges Visigoth, 1. XII, tit. II, 5. 52 Lex Burgundionum, tit. XV, 1, 2, 3. 53 Vie de Saint Césaire, Migne. Patrologie latine, t. LXVII. 41 54 Sidonius Apollinaris, 1. III, ep. IV, and 1. IV, ep. V. 55 Fredegaire (Chronique, XV), and Aumoin (Chroniqua Moissiacensis, XLV) relate that, at the instigation of Emperor Heraclius, Dagobert gave to the Jews the choice between death, exile and baptism.

It coincided with the universal spread of Catholicism, with the development of feudalism and also with the intellectual and moral change of the Jews, which was mostly due to the 39 influence of the Talmudists and the exaggerated growth of exclusiveness among the Jews. We shall now proceed to examine this new transformation of anti-Judaism. 40 FOOTNOTES 32 Demonstratio Evangelica. 33 Testimonium adversus Judaeos ex Tetere Testamento, Migne, P. ,. XLVI. 34 Oratio adversus Judaeos, Migne, P. L. XLII.

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