Babylonian Mathematical Astronomy: Procedure Texts by Mathieu Ossendrijver

By Mathieu Ossendrijver

This e-book comprises new translations and a brand new research of the process texts of Babylonian mathematical astronomy, the earliest identified type of mathematical astronomy of the traditional international. The translations are in response to a latest method incorporating fresh insights from Assyriology and translation technology.

The paintings includes up-to-date and accelerated interpretations of the astronomical algorithms and investigations of formerly neglected linguistic, mathematical and different points of the approach texts.

Special consciousness is paid to problems with mathematical illustration and over a hundred photographs of cuneiform pills courting from 350-50 BCE are presented.

In 2-3 years, the writer intends to proceed his examine of Babylonian mathematical astronomy with a brand new book to be able to include new variations and reconstructions of approx. 250 tabular texts and a brand new philological, astronomical and mathematical research of those texts. Tabular texts are finish items of Babylonian math astronomy, computed with algorithms which are formulated within the current quantity, method Texts.

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Extra info for Babylonian Mathematical Astronomy: Procedure Texts

Sample text

4 Physical characteristics 11 A B D F G H C E cm Fig. 2: Schematic drawings of types A–H. 4: Sizes of tablets with mainly procedures. oval shape a single tablet from Uruk. All tablets of types A–C, most tablets of types D–G, and half of the tablets of type H contain a collection of procedures. 2) very little can be said about local variations. All in all the procedure texts thus form a rather heterogeneous group in terms of their physical characteristics. Tablets with procedures and tabular content On 21 tablets procedures occur together with synodic tables or template tables.

The final column lists the sigla of the joined fragments; none of these concern procedure texts (all are tabular texts). J. 51 Some of the tablets were found in their original location, in niches in the walls,52 but most had been scattered. The tablets include numerous rituals and lamentations, and smaller numbers of omen texts and astronomical and astrological texts. 53 The presence of disturbances resulting from previous illegal digs54 supports the conclusion that many of the scholarly tablets from Uruk for which the archaeological context is unclear originate from this location.

Babylonian mathematics is now construed as the manifestation of a universal mathematics and described in modern categories. While these views are implied and partly made explicit in the works of the pioneers themselves, they are most clearly pronounced in the secondary literature. The third phase (1971–) began when J. Høyrup and J. Friberg carried out a critical evaluation of the methodological foundations of the previous interpretations. 1. A comparison of the two cases reveals obvious similarities, but also notable differences.

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