By Terry Crowley
Bislama is the nationwide language of Vanuatu, the world’s such a lot linguistically different state with not less than eighty actively spoken Oceanic languages utilized by approximately 200,000 humans. Bislama started as a plantation pidgin in response to English within the 19th century, however it has when you consider that constructed right into a certain language with a grammar and vocabulary very diverse from English. it really is considered one of only a few nationwide languages for which there's no available reference grammar. This e-book goals to fill this hole via offering an in depth account of the grammar of Bislama because it is utilized by traditional Ni-Vanuatu. It doesn't, as a result, goal to explain any form of synthetic written norm yet units out to trap a number other kinds of how that Ni-Vanuatu will say issues in a number of contexts, either written and spoken, formal and casual. The thrust of this quantity is to teach that Bislama has a grammar—an unexpected idea for these expert in Vanuatu. It additionally indicates that Bislama is a language of substantial complexity, with the intention to come as a shock to lots of its clients, who've been taught to view their language as by some means "simple" or even "deficient." Oceanic Linguistics designated book, No. 31
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Additional resources for Bislama Reference Grammar (Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications)
1), however, it is necessary for people to have an appreciation not just of how many syllables a word con? tains, but where the boundaries are between those syllables. This is an area in which people's intuitions are sometimes less forthcoming, so this short section has been included to enable people to break words up into their constituent syllables. should syllables. ie, counted as two separate syllables. Where a word consists of only vowels and single we consonants, can separate pi-lo a-bu 'pillow', 'hair',pu-a after syllables can therefore be broken up into syllables ka-kae 'grandparent', each vowel.
In such cases, "basic" function it is often difficult of to decide which the word. 36 of these functions represents the 4: NOUNS AND NOUN PHRASES Noun phrases are elements within a sentence that can consist of just a noun or a pronoun and nothing else. The words in bold in the following examples represent noun phrases: Mi stap kakae tinfis. ' Dog i kakae yu? ' Nouns and pronouns can be associated with a variety of preceding or following words within more complex noun phrases. In the following examples, therefore, the material that is set out in bold represents a variety of different kinds of such noun phrases: Olfala man ia i stap swim neked.
Where two (or more) consonants come together in the middle of the word, the rule for dividing the word into syllables requires us to assign the first of the consonants to the preceding syllable, while the second consonant (along with any others) belongs to the following syllable. Thus: kap-ten 'captain', mas-ket 'rifle', 'handcuff, han-kaf ba 'base', stren-ja mi-nis-ta 'stranger', kol-ta 'minister', as-prin 'aspirin', 23 bitumen, 'asphalt, dis-trik 'district'. tarseal', stam 3: PARTS OF SPEECH how to speak a language obviously involves much more than just Knowing to how words and the what pronounce knowing they mean.