By Judith Frishman, David J. Wertheim, Ido de Haan, Joël Cahen
This learn explores the transferring barriers and identities of old and modern Jewish groups. The members assert that, geographically talking, Jewish humans hardly lived in ghettos and feature by no means been restrained in the borders of 1 country or kingdom. while their locations of place of abode could have remained an identical for hundreds of years, the international locations and regimes that governed over them have been hardly ever as consistent, and gear struggles frequently ended in the construction of recent and divisive nationwide borders. Taking a postmodern ancient strategy, the members search to reexamine Jewish historical past and Jewish stories throughout the lens of borders and limits.
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Extra info for Borders and Boundaries in and Around Dutch Jewish History
26. Antwerpen: kunststad en wereldcentrum voor diamant (Brussels 1969), appendix: “België: economie en techniek”. 27 Another factor is that the Jewish calendar is a lunar system, as opposed to the solar calendar followed in Europe, and so each Jewish “day” starts at sunset and ends when the first stars appear in the sky the following evening. A job following the regular work schedule of any other Antwerp inhabitant would not allow strictly religious Jews to observe Jewish holidays and have Friday afternoons and Saturdays to prepare and observe Shabbat.
23. , 500nn35-36. , 500n40. , 500n42. 01a Siegmund 14-03-2011 30 17:03 Pagina 30 Stefanie Siegmund ments. There was also a chancellor or secretary, although the procedure for this appointment is not specified. 24 The parallel treatment of the ghetto and other communities can be observed in the margins of the record books of the Nove, where notations summarize each day’s business. 25 The language of the magistrates’ office was formulaic, expressing the successful integration of the Jews, who, prior to ghettoization, had been an anomalous group of individuals who fit only awkwardly into the administrative system of the state.
Ghettoization was therefore neither ideologically nor factually a step leading to the Final Solution. ccccccc 28. On the history of the Jewish Council concept, see Dan Michman, Holocaust Historiography: A Jewish Perspective (London: Vallentine Mitchell, 2003), 159-75; idem, “Jewish Leadership in Extremis”, in The Historiography of the Holocaust, ed. Dan Stone (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), 319-40; idem, “On the Historical Interpretation of the Judenräte issue: Between Intentionalism, Functionalism and the Integrationist Approach of the 1990s”, in On Germans and Jews under the Nazi Regime.