Celtic-Norse Relationships in the Irish Sea in the Middle by Jón Viðar Sigurðsson, Timothy Bolton

By Jón Viðar Sigurðsson, Timothy Bolton

This quantity comprises the lawsuits of a convention held in Oslo in past due 2005, which introduced jointly students operating in a large choice of disciplines from Scandinavia, nice Britain and eire. The papers right here begun as these learn on the convention, augmented via written instantly after via attendees, yet were up to date in mild of the discussions in Oslo and more moderen scholarship. they give historic, archaeological, art-historical, religious-historical and philological perspectives of the interplay and interdependence of Celtic and Norse populations within the Irish Sea sector within the interval 800 A.D.-1200 A.D.

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Barrett (Turnhout: Brepols, 2003), 117. Names for the Vikings in Irish annals Colmán Etchingham Our understanding of the history of the Viking Age is seriously impaired by the fact that we have no contemporary documentary sources from the Scandinavian homelands. The sagas of the central and later middle ages are a most uncertain guide to ninth- and tenth-century history. Otherwise, the principal historical perspective on the Vikings is that of others: the chroniclers of countries in which they raided, traded, warred and settled.

13 More recently still, David Dumville strongly endorsed Smyth’s retranslation of dub and finn, as applied to Vikings. 14 There is a danger that two distinct aspects of the problem become confused: how to translate the terms based on the literal meanings to be attributed to dub and finn, and what, in a more general sense, is denoted by the terms. We will return to the question of literal translation, but let us first look closely at the annals, to see if they shed any light on the general sense in which the dub/finn distinction is used of groups of Vikings.

This is the last reference to the Gall-Goídil in the Irish annals until 1034, when the death of Suibne son of Cináed rí Gall-Gaidel (“king of the Gall-Goídil”) is reported. 11 There is nothing to show if the word had this precise regional connotation already in the ninth century. One can conclude only that it denotes a Viking or semi-Viking element distinct from the adherents of the Dublin leadership in the 850s. In what sense they were a mix of Gaelic and Scandinavian, whether ethnic, cultural or simply a military alliance, is obscure.

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