Chemical and Biological Weapons: A Study of Proliferation by Edward M. Spiers (auth.)

By Edward M. Spiers (auth.)

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Extra info for Chemical and Biological Weapons: A Study of Proliferation

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Burck bases his critique of these 'technology myths ' primarily, if not exclusively, upon the requirements for producing significant quantities of the more toxic nerve agents as undertaken in the United States (often quoting the requirements of a plant producing 10 tons of sarin per day). Although he does not discount less toxic agents, particularly for countries facing enemies without effective chemical defences, he contends that concentrating upon agents such as sarin, soman and VX is justified because of their greater military utility.

Source : ' Material available in unclassified sources and do not represent estimates'drawn from US government sources' R&D - Substantial R&D estimate s PROD - Production capability or capability to produce within one year DEPLOY - Deployed in combat forces or held in combat-ready storage. 12-13. I-eontinued PROB - Probable possession by countries reported by the US government , on the record, as developing , producing or possessing chemical weapons POSS - Possible possession by countries reported by western governments, generally off the record , as seeking to acquire chemical weapons or a production capability, or as being suspected of possessing chemical weapons The panel also listed another 12 countries in a 'doubtful' category of possession, namely states reported, generally by domestic or foreign adversaries , as seeking to possess, possessing, or using chemical weapons , with no comfirmation by western government officials .

On a global basis, the proliferation of nuclear weapons has proceeded much more slowly than forecast in the 1950s. 9 1 Many nuclear-capable states have chosen to forgo the option of developing nuclear weapons for a variety of political, diplomatic, military and economic reasons. If domestic considerations prevailed in many cases, additional assistance has come from US opposition to nuclear proliferation since the mid-1970s (although the latter has been somewhat selective and has at times been sacrificed to other foreign policy interests),92 and the array of international safeguards.

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