Chemical Technology: An Integral Textbook by Andreas Jess;Peter Wasserscheid

By Andreas Jess;Peter Wasserscheid

This textbook offers an vital and built-in remedy of industrial-relevant difficulties for college students of either chemistry and chemical engineering.

As such, this paintings combines the 4 disciplines of chemical expertise - chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical response engineering and common chemical know-how - and is equipped into major components. the 1st covers the basics, in addition to the research and layout of commercial approaches, whereas the second one part offers 20 concrete approaches, exemplifying the inherent utilized nature of chemical know-how. those are chosen so they all fluctuate with admire to 1 very important point, akin to the kind and layout of the reactor, the chemistry concerned or the separation approach used. for this reason, readers will recapitulate, deepen and workout the chemical and engineering rules and their interaction, in addition to having the ability to follow them to commercial practice.

Instructive figures, ideas of thumb for speedy yet trustworthy estimating of parameters, information of chemical media, and examples using info from commercial procedures facilitate and improve the research method. A small common survey of chosen sleek traits, similar to multifunctional and micro reactors, or new solvents for homogeneous catalysis, corresponding to ionic beverages, indicate to the reader that this isn't a concluded discipline,
yet a constructing box with many demanding situations ready to be solved.

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7 Sales of the oil & gas industry (only oil and gas business) and sales of the chemical and pharmaceutical industry in 2008 (estimations based on various sources). Product group Oil business Natural gas business Basic chemicalsc) Life sciencesd) Fine chemicalse) Consumer productsf ) Total Sales (billion D ) Share of total sales (%) 2000a) 800b) 900 750 600 250 5300 38 15 17 14 11 5 100 Share of sales only of chemical and pharmaceutical industry (%) Not counted Not counted 36 30 23 11 100 a) Calculated based on the global oil consumption (2008) of 29 billion barrel and an oil price of D 70 per barrel.

KGaA. Published 2013 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. 2 j 1 Introduction This book covers all four disciplines: chemical aspects in Chapter 2, thermal and mechanical unit operations (Chapter 3), reaction engineering (Chapter 4), and general chemical technology (Chapter 5). In addition, 20 industrial processes are inspected in detail (Chapter 6). 2 The Chemical Industry For all industrialized countries the chemical industry is an important part of the economy. However, compared to the oil, gas, and coal industries – which are equally reliant on chemical technology – the chemical industry is relatively small.

The reactive p-electrons of these compounds are attacked by electrophiles, resulting in the formation of a positively charged reaction intermediate. Stabilization of this positive charge plays a very important role in the regioselectivity of electrophilic addition reactions. 11 for the addition of HBr to propene, a reaction that produces almost uniquely the product 2-bromopropane and almost no 1-bromopropane as a consequence of the inductive stabilization of the secondary propyl cation compared to the cation with the charge at C1.

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