Chemical Warfare Secrets Almost Forgotten: A Personal Story by James S. Ketchum

By James S. Ketchum

Chemical war watchers, from scientists to coverage advocates, usually ask yourself what went on on the military Chemical heart in the course of the 1960's. It was once a decade within which millions of military enlisted males served as volunteers for the secrets and techniques checking out of chemical brokers. the particular ancient list, notwithstanding, has previously remained disturbingly incomplete. What chemical compounds used to be the Arm learning? Why was once this system by no means totally documented in books to be had to the general public? Who deliberate and conducted the checks, and what was once their objective? How and by means of whom, have been the volunteers recruited? How accurately have been they suggested prior to giving their trained consent? What lengthy variety results, if any, were present in follow-up stories? Written by way of the health care professional who performed a pivotal position in psychoactive drug checking out of countless numbers of volunteers, the tale breaks an legitimate silence that has lasted nearly fifty years. Dr. James Ketchum could be the merely scientist nonetheless equivalent to the duty. His e-book is going a ways towards revealing the contents of as soon as categorized records that also live in limited records. the writer spent many of the decade checking out over a dozen capability incapacitating brokers together with LSD, BZ and marijuana derivatives. His 380-page narrative, loaded with either previous and up to date images, derives from the technical stories, memoranda, motion pictures, notes and thoughts. Written essentially for the final reader yet supplemented through a voluminous appendix of graphs and tables for the technically vulnerable, Dr. Ketchum's publication combines a subjective diary with an aim document of the exterior occasions that formed and finally terminated this system. casual and autobiographical well-liked, it comprises various fun anecdotes and character photos that make it concurrently fascinating and informative.

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He should have been an officer, but was afflicted with an excess of modesty, as well as the compulsive personality of a perpetual scholar. He had no desire to be in charge, preferring to 22 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Hello, Edgewood Arsenal! retain the status of a loyal assistant. We therefore got along famously since I had an inordinate need for autonomy and liked decision-making. Bill Gordon, however, became progressively miffed, believing I was trying to muscle in on the operation too soon.

Ignorant individuals who didn’t know what they were getting into because of tight secrecy? In my view, none of the above! The men accepted into our program were above average in education and intelligence. Their average AFQT (Armed Forces Qualification Test) score, administered prior to induction, was equivalent to an IQ well over 110, placing most of them in the top third of the general population. With few exceptions, all had graduated from high school and many had completed a year or more of college.

Psychology north side of the main road, technicians as sisted the physicians. By 1962, registered nurses were hired and an was a nine-hole golf course. adjacent ward housed volunteers undergoing testing with incapacitating agents such as In the warmer months, grassy BZ and LSD. Later, padded areas provided much better physical safety. areas surrounded the airstrip and deer nonchalantly grazed there in the twilight hours. The Medical Research Laboratories (Building 355) were located about a mile south of our Grant Court apartment, and the larger Chemical Research and Development Laboratories (Building 320) were a mile and a half further down the same road.

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