By David A. Patterson, John L. Hennessy
Torrent doesn't include the better half CD
The best-selling machine association publication is carefully up-to-date to supply a brand new specialise in the progressive switch happening in this day: the change from uniprocessor to multicore microprocessors. This new emphasis on parallelism is supported through updates reflecting the latest applied sciences, with examples highlighting the newest processor designs and benchmarking criteria. As with past variants, a MIPS processor is the center used to offer the basics of applied sciences, meeting language, computing device mathematics, pipelining, reminiscence hierarchies and I/O. Sections at the ARM and x86 architectures also are included.
A significant other CD presents a toolkit of simulators and compilers in addition to tutorials for utilizing them, in addition to complicated content material for additional learn and a seek application for locating content material at the CD and within the revealed text.
* Covers the progressive swap from sequential to parallel computing, with a brand new bankruptcy on parallelism and sections in each bankruptcy highlighting parallel and software program topics.
* contains a new appendix by way of the manager Scientist and the Director of structure of NVIDIA masking the emergence and value of the trendy GPU, describing intimately for the 1st time the hugely parallel, hugely multithreaded multiprocessor optimized for visible computing.
* Describes a singular method of measuring multicore performance--the "Roofline model"--with benchmarks and research for the AMD Opteron X4, Intel Xeon 5000, solar UltraSPARC T2, and IBM Cell.
* comprises new content material on Flash reminiscence and digital Machines.
* offers a wide, stimulating set of latest workouts, masking virtually 2 hundred pages.
* beneficial properties the AMD Opteron X4 and Intel Nehalem as real-world examples in the course of the book.
* Updates all processor functionality examples utilizing the SPEC CPU2006 suite.
Read or Download Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface (4th Edition) (The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Computer Architecture and Design) PDF
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Extra resources for Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface (4th Edition) (The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Computer Architecture and Design)
Com. The processor is the active part of the board, following the instructions of a program to the letter. It adds numbers, tests numbers, signals I/O devices to activate, and so on. 7. Occasionally, people call the processor the CPU, for the more bureaucratic-sounding central processor unit. 9 reveals details of a microprocessor. The processor logically comprises two main components: datapath and control, the respective brawn and brain of the processor. The datapath performs the arithmetic operations, and control tells the datapath, memory, and I/O devices what to do according to the wishes of the instructions of the program.
Cache is built using a different memory technology, static random access memory (SRAM). SRAM is faster but less dense, and hence more expensive, than DRAM (see Chapter 5). You may have noticed a common theme in both the software and the hardware descriptions: delving into the depths of hardware or software reveals more information or, conversely, lower-level details are hidden to offer a simpler model at higher levels. The use of such layers, or abstractions, is a principal technique for designing very sophisticated computer systems.
As mentioned earlier, both the software and hardware affect the performance of a program. Can you think of examples where each of the following is the right place to look for a performance bottleneck? ■ The algorithm chosen ■ The programming language or compiler ■ The operating system ■ The processor ■ The I/O system and devices Understanding Program Performance Check Yourself In Paris they simply stared when I spoke to them in French; I never did succeed in making those idiots understand their own language.