By Frederick Charles Copleston
Among them, the hobbies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism ruled philosophy in Europe for a lot of the twentieth century, and the effect they exerted can nonetheless be felt at the present time. during this book Frederick Copleston presents a close and target creation to those hugely debatable parts of modern suggestion. initially written in 1956, and revised in 1972, it explores the paintings of some of the most vital thinkers of the 20 th century, together with Ayer, Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Sartre and Camus. Written in a transparent and obtainable sort, this ebook should still end up precious to someone trying to find a basic creation to both of those influential philosophical activities.
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Extra info for Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism
And if we must first know the meaning of the original statement, this meaning cannot be identical with the meaning of any observation-statement derived from it plus other statements. The most that we could legitimately say would be that it does not qualify for inclusion in the rank of empirical hypotheses unless it is possible to derive from it, together with other statements, an observation-statement.
46- (i) Suppose that A says, " There is an invisible and intangible football floating in the air exactly three feet above my head," and that he intends to affirm by this that the football is absolutely imperceptible. a. The meanings of words like " football," " floating," "air," and " head " are derived from experience. " Or, if we do not happen to have seen a football, it can be explained to us what a football is, provided that the explanation is given to us in terms of what we have experienced.
Further, if this position is to be rejected, it can hardly be maintained that the meaning of my reply to my friend is identical with the meaning of the statement which enunciates one particular mode of verifying it. " But it is clear that the second statement introduces fresh ideas which are not contained in the original statement. htm from it plus other statements. But how could we set about this process of deriving unless we first knew the meaning of the original statement? And if we must first know the meaning of the original statement, this meaning cannot be identical with the meaning of any observation-statement derived from it plus other statements.