By Yongmei Zhou
The query of no matter if political, monetary and administrative decentralization improves govt effectiveness is hotly debated between researchers and policymakers. There are theoretical arguments either for and opposed to decentralization, yet empirical paintings is scarce. Decentralization, Democracy and improvement: fresh adventure from Sierra Leone is a contribution to this literature. The ebook additionally makes a helpful contribution to the talk on even if decentralization is a manageable process state-building process for post-conflict international locations. a set of 8 papers written through 9 authors, the e-book first files a posh decentralization method in Sierra Leone from 2003-07. in this interval, the govt of Sierra Leone (GoSL) re-established elected district and concrete councils around the state, transferred yes obligations for fundamental prone and native funding and a few monetary assets to the recent councils, and invested seriously in development the executive infrastructure and skill of the neighborhood councils. Measured via the finances figures, the measure of strength that has been transferred to neighborhood councils seems to be really small. despite the fact that, from neighborhood councils having no autonomy to having autonomy over 6 percentage of presidency fundamental spending is an important qualitative switch of the intergovernmental dating. because the authors documented, the growth used to be tough fought. in comparison to such a lot different SSA nations that experience launched into decentralization, Sierra Leone s growth in development neighborhood executive skill and restructuring the monetary process is enviable. The authors finish that superior defense and public companies are attainable in a decentralizing nation yet Sierra Leone s growth shouldn't have been attainable with out major attempt at economic decentralization and extensive funding in neighborhood govt ability development. the main serious aspect for this promising yet fragile reform strategy is the dynamic management group in control of selling the recent institutional framework and their chronic attempt to accomplish fast development within the neighborhood executive process and public prone.
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Extra info for Decentralization, Democracy and Development: Recent Experience from Sierra Leone (World Bank Country Study)
Zhou and Zhang find that election of the local councils in 2004 has brought government closer to people, especially to some of the communities who are cut off from transport, telecommunication, market, or contact with the state. Local councils provided rare opportunities for rural citizens to interact with authorities and have their voices heard. Their presence is particularly valuable in rural areas off the beaten track that hitherto have been neglected by central government authorities. On the other hand, in remote areas, the benefits of decentralization have accrued disproportionately to the home villages, or, rather, towns, of elected councilors.
80 per capita, but Port Loko still collected almost nothing. 80 billion in 2006. 6 billion. The main reason for the poor performance related to the central government elections that year. Many people were busy with politics, and some politicians and others sent out campaign messages that negatively affected revenue mobilization. The third sustainability challenge is lack of commitment to chiefdom governance reform. Conflict between local councils and chiefdom councils regarding revenue sharing contributed to lackluster revenue performance.
The contribution of 3 of the 5 devolving sectors has not been as supportive as was envisaged in the conceptualization of the program or by the legal framework. Much positive credit can be given to the Health and Agriculture sectors. On the other hand, there is much more to be desired in the present level of engagement and performance by the Education, Water, and Roads MDAs. A strategy for the more meaningful and effective engagement of MDAs is being developed. It would assist them to fully support the roll-out of functions and responsibilities to local councils as well as capacitate MDAs to fully and effectively assume and execute their post-devolution responsibilities.