Democratization in Africa: Challenges and Prospects by Gordon Crawford, Gabrielle Lynch

By Gordon Crawford, Gabrielle Lynch

It is 2 a long time because the ‘third wave’ of democratization started to roll throughout sub-Saharan Africa within the early Nineties. This publication presents a truly well timed research into the development and setbacks over that interval, the demanding situations that stay and the clients for destiny democratization in Africa.  It commences with an total overview of the (lack of) growth made of 1990 to 2010, exploring optimistic advancements with purposes for warning. according to unique learn, next contributions research a number of topics via nation case-studies, including: the routinisation of elections, observed via democratic rollback and the increase of hybrid regimes; the tenacity of presidential powers; the dilemmas of power-sharing; ethnic balloting and upward thrust of a violent politics of belonging; the position of ‘donors’ and the ambiguities of ‘democracy promotion’. total, the booklet concludes that steps ahead stay more than reversals and that sometimes, although no longer universally, sub-Saharan African nations are extra democratic this day than within the overdue Eighties. still, the booklet additionally demands extra significant strategies of democratization that goal not just at securing civil and political rights, but in addition socio-economic rights and the actual safeguard of African citizens.

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Rakner and van de Walle, ‘Opposition Weakness in Africa’, 111. Randall and Sva˚sand, ‘Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation’, 34. Wanjohi, ‘Sustainability of Political Parties in Kenya’; Wanyama, ‘Voting without Institutionalized Political Parties’. ’, 240. , 216. , 240. , 216. van de Walle, ‘Presidentialism and Clientelism’, 297. Randall and Sva˚sand, ‘Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation’, 32. , 33. For example see Mueller, ‘The Political Economy of Kenya’s Crisis’; and Wanyama, ‘Voting without Institutionalized Political Parties’, on Kenya.

A. Mohamed Salih, 239– 58. London: Pluto Press, 2003. Wanyama, Fredrick O. ‘Voting without Institutionalized Political Parties: Primaries, Manifestos and the 2007 General Elections in Kenya’. In Tensions and Reversals in 35 DEMOCRATIZATION IN AFRICA Democratic Transitions: The Kenya 2007 General Elections, ed. Karuti Kanyinga and Duncan Okello, 61–100. Nairobi: SID & IDS, 2010. Whitfield, Lindsay. ‘“Change for a Better Ghana”: Party Competition, Institutionalization and Alternation in Ghana’s 2008 Elections’.

Democratization 17 (2010): 1250–74. Rakner, Lise, and Nicholas van de Walle. ‘Opposition Weakness in Africa’. Journal of Democracy 20 (2009): 108 –21. Randall, Vicky, and Lars Sva˚sand. ‘Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Africa’. Democratization 9 (2002): 30–52. Rawlence, Ben, and Christopher Albin-Lackey. ‘Briefing: Nigeria’s 2007 General Elections: Democracy in Retreat’. African Affairs 106 (2007): 497–506. Sartori, Giovanni. Parties and Party Systems: A Framework of Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

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