Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction by Thomas R. Flynn

By Thomas R. Flynn

One of many best philosophical routine of the 20 th century, existentialism has had extra influence on literature and the humanities than the other institution of suggestion. concentrating on the top figures of existentialism, together with Sartre, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Kierkegaard, de Beauvoir, Merleau-Ponty, and Camus, Thomas Flynn bargains a concise account of existentialism, explaining the major topics of individuality, loose will, and private accountability, which marked the circulate as a life-style, not only a fashion of thinking.

Flynn units the philosophy of existentialism in context, from the early phenomenologists, to its upward thrust within the 40's and 50's, and the connections with nationwide Socialism, Communism, and Feminism. He identifies the unique definition of "existentialism," which has a tendency to be obscured by means of misappropriation, and highlights how the philosophy remains to be suitable in our global at the present time.

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One of many top philosophical activities of the 20 th century, existentialism has had extra impression on literature and the humanities than the other university of proposal. concentrating on the best figures of existentialism, together with Sartre, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Kierkegaard, de Beauvoir, Merleau-Ponty, and Camus, Thomas Flynn bargains a concise account of existentialism, explaining the main issues of individuality, unfastened will, and private accountability, which marked the stream as a lifestyle, not only a fashion of considering.

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Or can you think of anything more frightful than that it might end with your nature being resolved into a multiplicity, that you really might become many, become, like those unhappy demoniacs, a legion and you thus would have lost the inmost and holiest thing of all in a man, the unifying power of personality? . [Such a one] may be so inexplicably woven into relationships of life which extend far beyond himself, that he almost cannot reveal himself. But he who cannot reveal himself cannot love, and he who Existentialism cannot love is the most unhappy man of all.

By these criteria, Søren Kierkegaard was the epitome of the Nietzschean philosopher, though the latter seems to have had only a passing acquaintance with his work. Kierkegaard wrote essays and tracts attacking the three most potent forces of conformity in the Copenhagen of his day, namely the popular press, the State Church, and the reigning philosophy, that of 25 Becoming an individual Nietzsche has spoken eloquently of the loneliness of the individual who has risen above the herd. As is often the case with existentialists, his personal life gave tragic witness to the price often demanded for such nonconformity as he sought in the manner of Socrates to harmonize his life with his teaching.

But for the moment it may suffice to mention the socially and politically ‘committed’ character of the artistic works that several of these writers produced. 14 Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–80) A native Parisian, he was probably the most renowned philosopher of the 20th century. He travelled extensively throughout the world, usually with his lifelong partner, Simone de Beauvoir. His name became synonymous with the existentialist movement. He wrote numerous plays, novels, and philosophical works, the most famous of which was Being and Nothingness (1943).

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