Religious Assortative Marriage. in the United States by Robert Alan Johnson

By Robert Alan Johnson

Spiritual Assortative Marriage within the usa goals to formulate and practice to American non secular facts, macrosociological types of assortative marriage in pluralistic populations. those types postulate that the criteria picking assortative marriage are inhabitants constitution, social divisions, and norms of endogamy. a massive software of those types is to counter the ideological assumption, implicit within the well known photograph of a ""melting pot of nations,"" that the amalgamation of teams within the marriage marketplace is the inevitable consequence of a ancient plan of assimilation.
The e-book starts off by way of setting up a demographic framework via embedding assortative marriage in a broader version of the alternative of spiritual composition. this can be by means of separate chapters on really good theories involved in the social determinants of assortative marriage; on hand spiritual marital choice facts within the usa; and neighborhood, residential, and cohort differentials in assortative marriage. the ultimate bankruptcy discusses how the ""general marriage industry model,"" that's sufficiently versatile to be extensively acceptable to various constructions of spiritual or different assortative marriage, could be mathematically manipulated to generate legislation of social statics and dynamics.

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Assume that the sex ratios of all groups are balanced, that marriage is universal, and that all children are born to first married parents. Let the symbol denote the matrix with elements a where / denotes the row classification andy denotes the column classification. The symbol (cij) denotes the column vector with elements a . N o t e that, in the definitions of symbols below, there is an ambiguity in the denotations of the subscripts / and j , which does not, however, affect the form of the model.

The models presented herein assume that such complexities at the level of the neighborhood do not invalidate the attempt to construct models for the marriage market at the regional and national levels of analysis. Socioeconomic Differentiation Since religious identification is strongly correlated with socioeconomic origin in American society (Chapter 3), a leading hypothesis in accounting for high proportions of religious groups in-marrying is social class endogamy. Goldschmidt (1943, p. 354), following Weber, Troeltsch, and other authors (Chapter 1), perceives that the religions of the lower classes are more emotional and ascetic, more "sect-like," than the religions of the middle classes.

Even in the case that there is no social differentiation of groups, it is implausible that a group's in-marriage proportion indicates the strength of endogamous norms in that group alone. Implicit in the notion of a marriage market is the expectation that the observed structure of assortative marriage is the resolution of conflicting demands by groups for more and less preferred spouses, and a reasonable model should provide that groups' norms and preferences can conflict. For example, demands by one group for spouses of a second group can conflict, given the scarcity of available spouses in the second group, with the endogamous propensities of the second group.

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